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  1. I'm not an expert. I think that there is a difference between ammonia diluted in water, and concentrated gaseous ammonia under pressure. FYI, household cleaners use ammonia... https://www.hunker.com/13409929/how-does-an-ammonia-refrigeration-system-work https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-ammonia-and-bleach/ Wouldn't it be poetic justice if the judge had forced HAL (or any cruise line breaking American and international law) to fund oceanic research to find out how serious are the consequences?
  2. Thanks for the long detailed defense of polluting ships. I have to wonder how much harm has been done by ships (cruise and commercial) in third world countries and on the open seas. I guess we will never know since we are unable to measure with certainty the amount of harm. I suppose that that is why HAL got off with a slap on the wrist. In contrast, the University of British Columbia and its contractor received a $2 million fine for a single discharge of ammonia -water. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/canada/british-columbia/article-university-of-british-columbia-fined-12-million-for-leaking-ammonia/
  3. Before you point fingers at others, check your backyard. "Carnival Corp. Agrees To Pay $20 Million For Probation Violation … But a court-appointed monitor revealed that during the first year of that probation, over 500000 gallons of treated sewage was dumped in protected areas. In fact, after studying a report put together by the monitor, the Miami Herald revealed that the documents indicated there had been over 800 “incidents” during that time frame, 24 of which involved illegally dumping sewage, food waste or oil... " https://cruiseradio.net/carnival-corp-agrees-to-pay-20-million-for-probation-violation/
  4. Wrong half the time? Sounds like you're talking about the weather man? Climate is a different ball game, my friend. For a brief period, researchers noted and reported a small amount of climate cooling. It was vastly overplayed by the media. Since then, climate change deniers have been dragging up this dead issue. “Global cooling was a conjecture during the 1970s of imminent cooling of the Earth's surface and atmosphere culminating in a period of extensive glaciation. Press reports at the time did not accurately reflect the scientific literature. The current scientific opinion on climate change is that the Earth underwent global warming throughout the 20th century and continues to warm. By the 1970s, scientists were becoming increasingly aware that estimates of global temperatures showed cooling since 1945, as well as the possibility of large scale warming due to emissions of greenhouse gases. In the scientific papers which considered climate trends of the 21st century, less than 10% inclined towards future cooling, while most papers predicted future warming.[1] The general public had little awareness of carbon dioxide's effects on climate, but Science News in May 1959 forecast a 25% increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide in the 150 years from 1850 to 2000, with a consequent warming trend.[3] The actual increase in this period was 29%....” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_cooling The IPCC's analysis is based on the collective work of thousands of scientists and researchers. The evidence is so vast, and the quality of the analysis is so strong, that the National Academy of Science endorses the scientific consensus. My suggestion is that you should do research before offering your opinion. FYI, early in the climate change debate, several reputable scientists raised intelligent objections. Since then, climate science has advanced so far that the critics have 'converted' or 'recanted'. So much so that the deniers have to quote fake news. Example... https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Bellamy
  5. Thanks. Much appreciated. Looks like a shared van to Cancun, or a taxi for me solo to San Morelos. Enjoy your trip! Please do give us updates. Jim
  6. Hi mediapro, Good to hear from you. Might I ask what arrangement you are making Cancun airport to San Morelos? I was thinking of taking a stop in Cancun, and transferring from Cancun to Morelos. Jim
  7. Here's an update from 2013... "Climate change on pace to occur 10 times faster than any change recorded in past 65 million years, Stanford scientists say..." https://news.stanford.edu/news/2013/august/climate-change-speed-080113.html
  8. I spend the 2000s home-bound because of greenhouse gas climate change. In 2010, I realized that it wasn't going to work. That we wouldn't be able to hold the global temperature rise to 2 degrees (the tipping point). So, I've been travelling a lot since then. It's not my problem. I have no children, and I'll be out of here in another 10-20 years. It's your problem if you have children, or if you're around in 2050. The most recent analysis suggest that we will be at the 2 degree tipping point by 2050. Then, the desperate struggle will be to hold the rise to 5 degrees. Lots of fun. FYI, this is a report 4-years ago of the revised estimates... https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/mar/09/global-warming-set-to-speed-up-to-rates-not-seen-for-1000-years Good luck.
  9. Those are the American supporters of Trump's agenda. I stopped going to the Dining Room because of their tense confrontations with the Non-Donalds. Also, the Donalds turn their attention to the non-Americans. Ugly.
  10. Nope. I don't miss the 'service'. I don't miss the meals. I can pay for a good restaurant meal at home. I don't miss the entertainment. Any large city has better on offer. I don't miss the boarding and disembarkations for each excursion. Above all, I don't miss the company of the Donalds.
  11. Thanks. Good to hear. Jim
  12. Thanks for the info. BTW, how was the sea conditions? I've never sailed on a ship this small. Jim
  13. +1 The judge has the benefit of the presentation by the prosecutor. Strong comments by the judge suggest that she was outraged by the details of the transgressions. HAL's legal representatives don't seem to have mounted an adequate defense. So.....
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